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Education in India

Many kites tied together in the colours of the Indian national flag.
Kites in the colours of the Indian national flag. Kite vendor in New-Delhi, India (2006).

Owing to its population of more than a billion, India has the second largest education system in the world (after China). Its school and science offices are united under the umbrella of the Ministry of Education - they hold responsible for administering 35 states respectively federal territories. Statistical data claim that roughly a third of the population are under the age of 15. A big part of them (those aged 6 to 15) would be expected to go to school. Contrary to the images of a young and economically rising state with technical universities that take a leading role internationally, national and international studies give evidence that...

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If you wish to find out more about the education system in India, please refer to the essay "Das Bildungswesen in Indien" (2013) by Gregor Lang-Wojtasik. The publisher has kindly granted us permission to publish the document online.

The dossier offers information on the following aspects of education in India:


General Information on Education

India
The article of Dr. Doris Hillger deals with the Indian education system and is part of the section „Education and Culture“ at the webpage of the German Federal Agency for Civic Education (Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung - bpb). The bpb published recently a dossier about India. Further topics of this section are educational [...]

India
The website, which is provided by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), provides a broad overview over research and education in India, including information on statistics, educational reports, policy or cooperation with Germany and other countries. Additionally, you will find basic country data.
[Abstract: [...]

India
The section ´´Education´´ provided by the National Portal of India is organized by the topics elementary, secondary and higher secondary, higher and adult education. After your selection of interest you can find relevant links and short descriptions of websites from related educational institutions or about related educational [...]

India
The country dossier for India, compiled by the International Bureau of Education of the Unesco (IBE), provides information on statistics (from the World Data on Education - WDE), national education reports, education plans and policies, a bibliography (partly with fulltexts) and links to other sources. [Abstract: Editors of Education [...]

Germany; India
The website of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) provides ample information on academic exchange and cooperation with India. Information only available in German. [Abstract: Editors of Education Worldwide]

Im folgenden Beitrag wird versucht, Eckpunkte des indischen Bildungswesens zunächst im Kontext historischer und gesellschaftlicher Aspekte zu beschreiben. Daran anknüpfend wird die Geschichte des indischen Bildungswesens dargestellt (Kap. 2). Das dritte Kapitel befasst sich ausführlich mit dem heutigen Bildungswesen. Im vierten Kapitel werden schließlich aktuelle [...]


Educational Policy (Ministries, Authorities & further National Bodies)

India
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD)works through two departments, i.e. Department of School Education & Literacy (responsible for Elementary, Secondary, Adult, Vocational Education and Teacher Education) and Department of Higher Education (for University and Higher Education, Technical Education, Distance Learning, Language [...]

India
The database Planipolis provides official fulltext documents on educational policy and planning from UNESCO member states. For India you can find documents starting in the year 1968 (in the same document as 1998). Planipolis is provided by the UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP). [Abstract: Editors of [...]

India
Under the section ´´Institutions´´Indian, the Ministry of Human Resource Development provides a register with names, postal codes and web links of central higher and secondary educational institutions. The right menu bar leads to more detailed lists of higher educational institutions like Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT) and [...]

India
The main objective of the NCTE is to achieve planned and coordinated development of the teacher education system throughout the country, the regulation and proper maintenance of Norms and Standards in the teacher education system and for matters connected therewith. The programmes cover the training of all teaching personnel, from the [...]

India
NUEPA was established by the UNESCO in 1962 as the Asian Regional Centre for Educational Planners and Administrators. Today, the National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA) is today a central institution under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD).
Besides planning and administration of [...]

India
Like the University Grants Commission (UGC), NCERT works under the Ministry of Human Resource Development as a coordinative organ in educational training and research. It develops standards, instructional materials and textbooks. The latter is available online as fulltext. It also provides information about programmes and publications. [...]


Educational Reports and Statistics, Assessments

A sign above an entrance where you can read in Latin and Indian script (in English and Marathi?): Examination section.
Examination Section, University of Pune, India
Copyright: Kuruman, University of Pune (11), cut by: N. Cohen CC BY 2.0

India
The Indian Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation also provides some statistics on education (see > Social Sector > Chaper 29 Education). You will also find some other facts and figures under other points of the menu bar on the left hand side. [Abstract: Editors of Education Worldwide]

India
DISE is a statistical system to collect and analyse statistical data in the educational sector in India. The website provides ample data and reports from all regions and educational sectors in India (among others: District Report Cards, State Report Cards, School Report Cards, Flash Statistics, Analytical Reports, Rural/Urban [...]

India
The Unesco Institute for Statistics (UIS) provides the most recent basic data on education in India. You will find information on the following issues:
* General information
* Education System
* Participation in education
* Progression and completion in education
* Education expenditures
* Illiterate [...]

India
This interactive website is provided by the OECD. It can be used to compare India's educational statistics with that of the average OECD results or with the results of other countries. For other countries, it is also possible to compare results from different international educational assessments (PISA,TALIS, PIAAC, ...). These options [...]

India
The report of 2011 provides detailed information on literacy in India (40 pages). The Capter 6 "State of Literacy" is part of the publication: "Census of India 2011. Provisional Population Totals. Paper 1 of 2011. India Series 1" and is published by the Government of India, Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner. [...]


(Professional) Associations and Unions

A view of the stupa of the Buddha student Sāriputta at Nalanda city ruins, Bihar, India.
The stupa of the Buddha student Sāriputta at Nalanda city ruins, Bihar, India. Nalanda had the biggest Buddhist university (founded in the 5th century) as well as a huge library. It is therefore considered to be one of the biggest centres of learning of the ancient world. Since 2016, it is a Unesco World Heritage Site.

India
The All India Association for Educational Research (AIAER) established in 1983 contains more than 3,700 members in India. Besides promoting and supporting the development of educational research (with an focus on Indian issues) by conferences, seminars and discussion groups the organization publishes related information through journals, [...]

India
The AIU enhances the cooperation of Indian universities in many ways. It looks after its interests in national higher education policy and helps its member universities to fulfil their objectives and services. The homepage shows links to texts about: objectives, organisation of AIU and its publications, including short summaries and [...]

India
"India Didactics Association is the only exclusive membership association in the country for the education and training fraternity engaged in improving learning and teaching. IDA is a conglomerate of all stakeholders of the education and training industry in the country. It unites together the government (center and state level), [...]

India
EPSI is "focusing on Education Sector and positioning itself as a catalyst Education Promotion Organisation between Government, Academics and the Industry.". Its website provides information on the society, on recommentdations about several education issues, some conference papers as well as a newsletter. [Abstract: Site editor’s [...]

India
The notion of conference here is used to describe a kind of association which only encompasses a special type of public schools, and not all schools that call themselves "public". The Indian Public Schools' Conference (IPSC) was founded in 1939 and meanwhile has 79 member schools. The website provides information on IPSC history, goals, [...]


German Commitment in India

Germany; India
This website provides information on the official cooperation in education and research between Germany and India. Among others, this includes information on the development of the cooperation, the political framework, and on key areas. Additionally to the website of the International Office of the BMBF, this website has a focus [...]

India; Germany
[Caution: This website is from the Internet Archive and is not up to date anymore - information as of July 2014]
´´The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) supports German-Indian cooperation with the initiative 'India and Germany – Strategic Partners for Innovation'´´. The website, which is provided by [...]

Germany; India
This website provides information on the official cooperation in education and research between Germany and India. Among others, this includes information on the political framework for the bilateral cooperation, on priorities and highlights of German-Indian cooperation, and on funding for collaborations with India. [...]

India; Germany
The German Houses for Research and Innovation (DWHI) are installed by the German Government, with the support of the Federal Foreign Office (Auswärtiges Amt) and the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung). The Institute in New-Delhi focuses especially on Indian students, [...]

India; Germany
"Apart from coordinating and supporting existing projects, the DFG brings together eminent researchers from both countries with each side complementing the other, thereby creating synergy. The DFG Delhi Office is undertaking these tasks jointly with the existing Indian partner institutions - the Department of Science and [...]


Literature on Education in India

Sujaya school hand written in latin on a ledger line, above there is indian script ('kannada') and the national flag of India.
Sujaya School, Bangalore, India

Im folgenden Beitrag wird versucht, Eckpunkte des indischen Bildungswesens zunächst im Kontext historischer und gesellschaftlicher Aspekte zu beschreiben. Daran anknüpfend wird die Geschichte des indischen Bildungswesens dargestellt (Kap. 2). Das dritte Kapitel befasst sich ausführlich mit dem heutigen Bildungswesen. Im vierten Kapitel werden schließlich aktuelle [...]

The German Education Portal provides an integrated search over several databases in Germany and two international databases containing literature from the educational research. [Abstract: Editors of Education Worldwide]

The German Education Portal provides an integrated search over several databases in Germany and two international databases containing literature from the educational research. [Abstract: Editors of Education Worldwide]

India
India Education Review provides information on current developments and events in the Indian educational sector. The articles rather have a journalistic style, even though their authors mostly are professionals in the educational sector. You will also find interviews, comments, case studies, information on educational programmes, [...]


India`s BRICS Cooperations

India; Brazil; South Africa, Republic
The Dialogue Forum of India, Brazil and South Africa was established with the Brasilia Declaration in 2003. About once a year, the heads of the governments meet in Summits and the foreign ministers in Joint Ministerial Commissions. Besides trilateral cooperation on a political, economic and societal level, [...]

Brazil; international; China; India; Russian Federation
"Ciência sem Fronteiras" (Science Without Borders) is a broad Brasilian scholarship programm. It aims at promoting up to 100,000 Brasilian students until 2014/2015 and helping them to spend part of their studies in a foreign country.The website provides information on the scholarship [...]

India; international
The Ministry of External Affairs of the Republic of India provides a search for bi- and multilateral agreements between India and other states. You can search for agreements with specific countries or on specific topics like education. [Abstract: Editors of Education Worldwide]



Here is a list of agreements in the field of education, found on the website of the Indian Ministry of External Affairs / Category "Bilateral/Multilateral Documents". Please note that we make no claim to be complete.
Agreement with Title of the agreement
Brazil - Memorandum of Understanding under Brazilian ‘Science without Borders’ on reception of Brazilian Scholarship students in India (30.03.2012); (Source: Documents signed during the State visit of President of Brazil)
- Agreed Minutes of the Sixth Meeting of the Brazil-India Joint Commission on Political, Economic, Scientific, Technological and Cultural Cooperation (15.10.2013) (Education: Nr. 65-69)
Russia Programme of Cooperation in the Fields of Science, Technology and Innovation between the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India and the Ministry of Education & Science, Government of Russian Federation for the period 2014-2017 (21.10.2013); (Source: List of Bilateral Documents signed during 14th India-Russia Annual Summit)


China; India
This information is provided by the Chinese embassy in India. You will find information for Indian students who would like to study in China, information on language courses as well as news on cooperation between India and China in the educational sector. [Abstract: Editors of Education Worldwide]

Russian Federation; India
The Centre provides inhabitants of various cities of India with the opportunity to learn about the Russian language, art, culture and science (however, science plays a minor role). It provides a library of Russian literature, including Russian films, contact to the Institute of Russian language, a bureau of [...]

Russian Federation; India
The "non-commercial partnership ‘Russian-Indian Scientific Technological Centre’ was established by the Heads of the Russian Federation and the Republic of India […] in 2007. (...) The main goals of [the] Centre establishing [are]:
- participation in developments and provision of services in the field of [...]

India; Russian Federation
The Russia & India Report is part of the news portal ´´Russia Beyond the Headlines´´ that is internationally orientated and published by the Russian government’s daily newspaper, the Rossiyskaya Gazeta. The linked extract concerns especially ´´Indo-Russian Cooperation´´ on focused topics of the portal: [...]

India; South Africa, Republic
"The Centre for Indian Studies in Africa (CISA) was established at the University of the Witwatersrand (Wits), Johannesburg towards the end of 2007: the first in Africa to focus on India. In 2009, the Centre received major funding from the Mellon Foundation to establish a Chair in Indian Studies and fellowships [...]


Further Information on India

India
The website provides ample information on Indian statistics, initiatives, programmes, events, laws etc. to fulfill the Education for All goals. Eduaction for all is based on a declaration made during the "World Conference on Education for all" 1990 in Jomtien. The declaration contains several educational goals to be achieved on a [...]

India
The website outlines the history and principles oft he Right to Education Act, passed in 2009, which ascertains a right to basic education for each child in India between the ages of six and 14. The Act itself and the amendment of 2012 are directly accessible.

Last Update: 08.04.2021  -  N. Cohen ; A. Mönch;

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