Does School Privatization Improve Educational Achievement? Evidence from Sweden`s Voucher Reform
This paper (34 p) evaluates general achievement effects of choice and competition between private and public schools at the nine-year school level by assessing a radical voucher reform that was implemented in Sweden in 1992. Starting from a situation where the public schools essentially were monopolists on all local school markets, the degree of privatization has developed very differently across municipalities over time as a result of this reform. We estimate the impact of an increase in private enrolment on short, medium and long-term educational outcomes of all pupils using within-municipality variation over time, and control for differential pre-reform and concurrent municipality trends. We find that an increase in the private school share moderately improves short-term educational outcomes such as 9th-grade GPA and the fraction of students who choose an academic high school track. However, we do not find any impact on medium or long-term educational outcomes such as high schoo! l GPA, university attainment or years of schooling. We conclude that the first-order short-term effect is too small to yield lasting positive effects.
|Gehört zu URL||http://www.iza.org/|
|Angaben zum Autor der Ressource / Kontaktmöglichkeit||Böhlmark, Anders; Swedish Institute for Social Research; Stockholm University; SE-106 91 Stockholm; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Lindahl, Mikael; Uppsala University,|
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|Adresse der Bezugsquelle||IZA; P.O. Box 7240; 53072 Bonn; Germany|
|Technische Anforderungen||Acrobat Reader|
|Zuletzt geändert am||23.09.2008|