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Vocational education reform


European cooperation in vocational education -

The Copenhagen process



The harmonisation efforts in the field of vocational education and training follows the same process in the field the higher education through the so called Bologna-Process.


Steps:


Copenhagen [2002]


Maastricht [2004]

The Maastricht Communiqué (date: Dec 14, 2004) defines the pivotal goals in the development of a European area of vocational training and lifelong learning, particularly with regard to key competences (“learning to learn“, mobility) for all citizens.


Helsinki [2006]

Copenhagen process on enhanced European cooperation in vocational education and training (VET), has a ministerial follow-up conference every two years. After Copenhagen in 2002 and Maastricht in 2004, Helsinki hosted the 3rd ministerial conference. Ministerial meeting took place on 5 December 2006 in Helsinki.

Communiqué of the European Ministers of Vocational Education and Training, the European Social partners and the European Commission, convened in Helsinki on 5 December 20063 to review the priorities and strategies of the Copenhagen Process


Bordeaux [2008]

Communiqué of the European Ministers for vocational education and training, the European social partners and the European Commission, meeting in Bordeaux on 26 November 2008 to review the priorities and strategies of the Copenhagen process


Bruges [2010]

Am 7. Dezember 2010 nahmen die für die berufliche Bildung zuständigen europäischen Ministerinnen und Minister, die europäischen Sozialpartnerinnen und -partner sowie die Europäische Kommission das Kommuniqué von Brügge zur verstärkten europäischen Zusammenarbeit im Bereich der beruflichen Bildung im Zeitraum 2011–2020 an. Das Kommuniqué definiert die gemeinsamen [...]

Communiqué of the European Ministers for Vocational Education and Training, the European Social Partners and the European Commission, meeting in Bruges on 7 December 2010 to review the strategic approach and priorities of the Copenhagen process for 2011-2020


Instruments:

In order to increase the attractivity of the vocational education systems, on European level in the context of the Copenhagen process the following instruments were developed:

The European Qualifications Framework (EQF)

The European Commission presents a site with information on the European Qualifications Framework (EQF), which represents a reference system for employees and employers across Europe. Instead of comparing learning input, outcomes are accredited in terms of achieved competencies and qualifications. The concept relates to all levels of education (from school to vocational and [...]

The European Credit system for Vocational Education and Training (ECVET)

The European Network for Quality Assurance in Vocational Education and Training(ENQA-VET)

EQAVET (formerly: ENQAVET) is the European Network on Quality Assurance in Vocational Education. Information is given on the following topics: Policy developments. Network activities. Member countries. Organisational structures. Publications.

The EUROPASS (transparency tool for the proof of qualifications)

Europass is a unified format of documentation that allows for the transparency andd recognition of qualifications. A total of five documents is available, the most crucial being a Europass CV (that can be filled in online) and a language passport. The idea of Europass is to promote mobility by presenting skills and competences in a format recognised throughout the European [...]


More documents

The Agora Thessaloniki XXVI ‘Building a European VET area’ was held on 26-27 April 2007 as Cedefop’s follow-up event to the Helsinki Communiqué. The aim of Agora was to assess the progress made in implementing the Copenhagen - Maastricht priorities as well as consider further actions.

The website provided by the European Commission offers information on vocational education and training, including action plans and documents concerning the Copenhagen process.

The European objective of establishing a common area of vocational education and training (Copenhagen Process) has resulted in the need for a system of transparemcy with regard to vocational qualifications. Hence, the participating states have installed national reference points (nrps), i.e. institutions that can be consulted with regard to the recognition and comparability of [...]

See the range of educational and training opportunities available throughout Europe for students of all ages, including information on studying abroad, vocational training, recognition of qualifications and digital skills.

The working report (January 2004) published by the European Commission analyses the qualifications of teachers and trainers with regard to the planned European area of vocational education (Copenhagen process). 113 pages, An empirical study, with data and figures.

The European Commission portal on the debvelopment of a European area of higher education and training offers news, action programmes, and links to the target issues in the Lisbon strategy towards a unified area of education. These aspects are: the Bologna Process, Copenhagen Process; lifelong learning, competences, promotion of information and communication technologys [...]

EQAVET (formerly: ENQAVET) is the European Network on Quality Assurance in Vocational Education. Information is given on the following topics: Policy developments. Network activities. Member countries. Organisational structures. Publications.

Europe
EFVET is a unique European-wide professional association which has been created by and for providers of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in all European countries. Its mission is to support and enrich technical and vocational education and training through transnational co-operation by building a pan-European [...]

The website provided by the European Commission offers information on vocational education and training, including action plans and documents concerning the Copenhagen process.


A glance from Germany

Arbeitsprogramm zum Erreichen der Ziele der verstärkten Zusammenarbeit in der allgemeinen und beruflichen Bildung in Europa. Übergeordnete Ziele sind: Erhöhung der Qualität und Wirksamkeit der Systeme der allgemeinen und beruflichen Bildung in der EU; − leichterer Zugang zur allgemeinen und beruflichen Bildung für alle; − Öffnung der Systeme der [...]

The Maastricht Communiqué (date: Dec 14, 2004) defines the pivotal goals in the development of a European area of vocational training and lifelong learning, particularly with regard to key competences (“learning to learn“, mobility) for all citizens.

Am 18.02.2008 wurde die europäische Datenbank ADAM (Advanced Data and Archiving Management System) online geschaltet. Sie stellt Projektinformationen für LEONARDO DA VINCI bereit. Bei ADAM handelt es sich um die Weiterentwicklung der deutsch-österreichischen Projekt- und Produktdatenbank, die ab 2002 unter der Web-Adresse www.leonardodavinci-projekte.org einen Überblick [...]

The Copenhagen Process describes an agreement signed by European ministers in charge of vocational education and training in 2002, and aims at building a European area of vocational education, with regard to qualifications, transparency, and the promotion of exchange. This website is maintained by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF). Although most [...]

Die Bildungsminister der EU, der EEA- und EFTA-Staaten sowie die europäischen Sozialpartner verfolgen das Ziel, die europäische Zusammenarbeit in der beruflichen Bildung zu verstärken. Dazu definierten sie 2002 in der Kopenhagener Erklärung konkrete Themenfelder und Umsetzungsschritte. Der Artikel erläutert die Kernpunkte des Kopenhagen-Prozesses, die Folgekonferenz von [...]

Die im Rahmen des europäischen Bildungsprogramms der beruflichen Bildung Leonardo da Vinci geförderten Pilotprojekte werden von der NaBIBB Nationale Agentur Bildung für Europa beim Bundesinstitut für Berufsbildung einer Bilanz unterzogen, analysiert und bewertet. (2007)

The BIBB Federal Institute for Vocational Education and Training gives information on international cooperation and activities.

Declaration of the European Ministers of Vocational Education and Training, and the European Commission, convened in Copenhagen on 29 and 30 November 2002, on enhanced European cooperation in vocational education and training. - Deklaration der Minister und der EU Kommission zur beabsichtigen verstärkten europäischen Zusammenarbeit in der beruflichen Bildung und Ausbildung.

A glance to Germany

  1. Copenhagen-Prozess in Germany

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