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The Effect of Age at School Entry on Educational Attainment in Germany

ftp://ftp.iza.org/dps/dp1507.pdfExterner Link

Determining the optimal age at which a child should enter school is a controversial topic in education policy. In particular, German policy makers, pedagogues, parents, and teachers have since long discussed whether the traditional, established age of school entry at 6 years remains appropriate. Policies of encouraging early school entry or increased consideration of a particular child`s competency for school (´´Schulfähigkeit´´) have been suggested. Using a dataset capturing children who entered school in the late 1960s through the late 1970s, a time when delaying enrolment was common, we investigate the effect of age at school entry on educational attainment for West and East Germany. Empirical results from linear probability models and matching suggest a qualitatively negative relation between the age at school entry and educational outcomes both in terms of schooling degree and probability of having to repeat a grade. These findings are likely driven by unobserved ability ! differences between early and late entrants. We therefore use a cut-off date rule and the corresponding age at school entry according to the regulation to instrument the actual age at school entry. The IV estimates suggest there is no effect of age at school entry on educational performance. (Paper of 34 p.)

mehr/weniger
Fach, Sachgebiet
Schlagwörter

Deutschland, Schule, Einschulungsalter, Schulerfolg, Schulfaehigkeit,

Bildungsbereich Grundschule
Ressourcenkategorie Artikel/Aufsatz/Bericht/Thesenpapier
Medienkategorie Internet
Sprache Englisch
Gehört zu URL http://www.iza.org
Angaben zum Autor der Ressource / Kontaktmöglichkeit Fertig, Michael; RWI Essen; fertig@rwi-essen.de
Bezugs- und Nutzungsbedingungen frei
Adresse der Bezugsquelle IZA; Postfach 7240; D - 53072 Bonn; Germany
Technische Anforderungen AcrobatReader, pdf
Zuletzt geändert am 22.03.2005

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