Sprachwechsel zur englischen Seite Eduserver
advanced search

Ariadne Pfad:


Inclusion in an International Perspective: Introduction

A CD-ROM box with the inscription 'So what is inclusion?'
Launch of the cd-rom “So what is inclusion?“ at the Crucible Centre for Human Rights & Social Justice, Roehampton University, London, England (2007).
Copyright: John Paul Edward Kelly alias rockinpaddy, CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

On approaching the term "inclusion" from an international perspective, the diversity of groups that are meant to be included soon emerges. In Germany, the inclusion of people with disabilities into mainstream education is focused while in other countries, social, economic or cultural inclusion is highlighted in the context of different groups of individuals that are typically regarded as being excluded from education. Different dimensions of inclusion (societal scope / excluded groups) are evident in the following statement
"In the past few decades "disability" has climbed the academic ladder. Just as race, class and gender itnow is being considered an advantageous instrument for critically exploring a wide range of societal issues." (as found in the introduction on a website on "Disability History Lecture Series" at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium). Likewise, the discourse on inclusion occasionally reflects problems that are specific to individual countries or regions.
Similar to "disability", the term "inclusion" is experiencing a period of interest in academia - which is easily discernible from the number of publications on the topic.

Bar graph of the publications found on the German Education Portal for the keyword 'inclusion' (as of 31.05.17)
Publications found on the German Education Portal for the keyword “inclusion“ (as of 31.05.17). Show numbers and literature links for the graph (accessible text file).
Copyright: N. Cohen CC BY-NC-SA 4.0

To narrow down the scope of our dossier, we focussed on inclusion in the field of disability. Nevertheless, the boundaries between different definitions of inclusion are fluid. Especially international organisations like the UN or UNESCO stand for a rather broad definition of inclusion in all spheres of society and for all groups of persons.
The webdossier is ordered by continents. So far, it provides information on international and European, North and Central American as well as African issues. South America, Asia, and Oceania will be added in the months to follow. The chapters for each continent are then sorted by type of resource (websites of organisations, networks, policy documents, reports, journals, conferences, ...).
Additionally, we provide information on inclusion in some individual countries.

Inclusion: International

Inclusion: Europe

Inclusion: North America (incl. Middle America)

Inclusion: Africa

Inclusion: Individual Countries

Last Update: 08.10.2018  -  N. Cohen ; G. Schulte ;

Inclusion News

  1. Results of the Ninth Consultation of Member States on the implementation of the UNESCO Convention and Recommendation against Discrimination in Education (2018)
  2. 10 messages and 10 recommendations on disability and education
  3. Learn, Inspire, Lead: 17th Inclusion International World Congress 2018
  4. ECER 2018: Inclusion and Exclusion. Resources for Educational Research?
  5. ÖFEB-Kongress 2017 - Bildung: leistungsstark. chancengerecht. inklusiv?
  6. Inclusive Early Childhood Education: An Analysis of 32 European Examples.
  7. Inclusive Education: Global Diffusion and Local Translations [Themenheft].
  8. Creating a culture of inclusion in higher education (University World News 04.11.16)
  9. 3ème Biennale du LISIS
  10. Inklusive europäische Bildung. [Themenheft].
  11. World Congress on Special Needs Education (WCSNE-2016)
  12. Inklusion im internationalen Kontext. [Themenheft].
  13. Building a School for All : 4th training course on inclusive education
  14. Blickwechsel | Diversity - Internationale Perspektiven der LehrerInnenbildung
  15. Tagung ´Bildungs- und Erziehungsorganisationen im Spannungsfeld von Inklusion und Ökonomisierung´
  16. UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities to review Germany, Croatia, Czech Republic, Turkmenistan, Dominican Republic, Mongolia, Cook Islands (spring 2015)
  17. Sixth Annual GCES Symposium: Inclusion Not Exclusion: Comparative Educational Perspectives at the Heart of Sustainable Development
  1. Zero Project - Tag Education (Zero Barriers)
  1. Inclusion scolaire : recherche et développement dans la francophonie et l’Europe latine - 2e Biennale du LISIS
  1. The German National Report on Education 2014 has a focus on disability. English information will be available soon.

Take a look at Germany

  1. Special Needs and Inclusive Education in Germany

Further International Dossiers

  1. Inclusive education (date: May 2010)


Fachportal Pädagogik

Inhalt auf sozialen Plattformen teilen (nur vorhanden, wenn Javascript eingeschaltet ist)